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Financial Information

CPS Aims For Fiscal Balance

Cincinnati Public Schools continues to strategically invest in critical areas that support student achievement; and creates more opportunities for students and more choices for families. 

Ohio law requires school districts to operate within a balanced budget, meaning expenditures cannot exceed cash balances.

The difficulty arises because about 90 percent of a district's revenue comes from two sources: state per-student allocations and voter-approved tax levies tied to property taxes — and neither of these sources grows with inflation.

CPS Board Asks Voters to Renew Levy

2019-2020 Budget

But, the district's expenses do go up with inflation. For example, the district's gas and electric bills increase in pace with rising cost of natural resources, just as homeowners see their utility bills grow. Additional costs are generated by state and federal mandates that do not come with funding; for example, Ohio law requires school districts to provide the same level of transportation service to all students living in the district, including students attending private and charter schools, with no state money to cover this cost.

With rising costs, CPS often must make difficult decisions to cut budget items to stay balanced — always with the goal of not impacting the quality of education. CPS starts its budget process earlier in the school year to allow ample planning time, and provides software tools for employees to develop budgets and track spending in real time.

CPS Financially Sound

In March 2018, Moody’s Investor’s Service affirmed Cincinnati Public Schools’ Aa2 general obligation ratings and Aa3 rating on the district’s certificates of participation (COPs). In addition, the district maintained its Stable outlook.

CPS has increased enrollment by more than 4,000 students over the last five years — one of the key factors Moody's cited for the improved rating. In addition, Moody’s cited Cincinnati’s recovering tax base and the district’s stable cash-reserve projections as other favorable factors.

CPS consistently outperforms budgeted expectations, and Moody’s attributes this to solid management, conservative budgeting practices and financial forecasting, strong community support, and the successful passage of renewal and new tax levies.

Moody's Rating Report - March 2018
Moody's Rating Report - January 2017

Achievement for Excellence in Financial Reporting

Cincinnati Public Schools' Treasurer's Office qualified for the Government Finance Officers Association (GFOA) Certificate of Achievement for Excellence in Financial Reporting for our 2017 fiscal year-end Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR).  This is the highest recognition for government accounting and reporting. CPS also was recognized for excellence in 2016. 

Excellence in Financial Reporting - 2017
Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR) - 2017

2018-19 General Fund Budget

In June 2018, the CPS Board approved a $609.5-million General Fund Budget for the 2018-19 school year.

Past Year Budgets and CAFR Reports 

General Fund Budget Process

The district's fiscal year runs July 1 - June 30. The financial process begins in late fall when schools and departments begin preparing their General Fund budgets. (These do not include state programs or federally funded programs such as Title 1). 

In late spring, the Superintendent presents a recommendation for a consolidated district budget to the Cincinnati Public Schools’ seven-member, publicly elected Board of Education for consideration. By the end of June, the Board authorizes funds to be spent for the upcoming school year based on an approved budget.

Understanding School Finance

Bond Issue vs. Levy (definitions)
Non-CPS Costs
CPS' Tax Levy History  (1915 - 2016)

Future Outlook

Five-Year Forecast - May 20, 2019 (fiscal years ended June 30, 2016, 2017 and 2018 actual; forecasted fiscal years ending June 30, 2019, through 2023) 
Five-Year Forecast - May 21, 2018 (fiscal years ended June 30, 2015, 2016 and 2017 actual; forecasted fiscal years ending June 30, 2018, through 2022)
Five-Year Forecast - October 18, 2017 (fiscal years ended June 30, 2015, 2016 and 2017 actual; forecasted fiscal years ending June 30, 2018, through 2022)
Five-Year Forecast - May 22, 2017 (fiscal years ended June 30, 2014, 2015 and 2016 actual; forecasted fiscal years ending June 30, 2017, through 2021)
Five-Year Forecast - Proposed - (fiscal years ended June 30, 2013, 2014 and 2015 actual; forecasted fiscal years ending June 30, 2017, through 2021; approved, CPS Board of Education Oct. 24, 2016)
Five-Year Forecast  May 2016

Fiscal Accountability

Internal Auditor
Action Motion 133
Honoring our Promises  October 2011 Powerpoint

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