Classroom strategies, integrated throughout the school day, are based upon the following themes:
Classroom discipline problems are prevented before they begin. Teachers use strategies such as recognizing students for doing the right thing, providing pencils for students who come to class without them, and using the conflict resolution process to solve student-to-student issues. Teachers also motivate good behavior through the use of coupons and positive praise.
The learning environment is organized to prevent off-task behavior and to encourage students’ management of their own behavior. This includes organizing space, time, materials and supplies, and routines, and the posting of daily learning expectations. Students can often apply and interview for classroom management positions. Routines are established for absent students to self-manage completion of missed assignments and for student managers to assist substitute teachers.
The classroom climate reflects a caring learning environment. Taking time to connect with students is the first step in classroom management. Strategies include having students select examples of their best work for display throughout the room and hallways and providing a communication method, such as a mail box, for students to share celebratory events as well as problems. Teachers use active questioning strategies to ensure that all students are engaged and have an equal opportunity to respond. Teachers routinely use reflection time and exit tickets to allow students to internalize learning, connect to prior learning, and report what they have learned.
School staff, teachers, and students work together to achieve an orderly environment in which to work and actively learn. School staff and students use nonverbal signals to gain attention and “zero noise” from their audience. Teachers use cooperative learning strategies to foster team participation and responsibility for each student’s success.
Classroom and Community Communication
A school-wide system for positive communication with parents forms a mutually responsible relationship between home and school. An active constituency of parents and community members is involved in school governance. A communication system documents phone calls, parent conferences, and the systematic distribution of notes that provide positive messages for parents.
Resources for helping students succeed: